There is no credible evidence that shows that a parent's sexual orientation or gender identity will adversely affect the development of the child. Utah prohibits unmarried couples from fostering. Joint adoption by same-sex couples is legal in 27 countries and in some sub-national territories. Becoming a Parent through Surrogacy". Retrieved March 28, Many lesbian and gay parents are not open about their sexual orientation due to real fears of discrimination, homophobia, and threats of losing custody of their children.
Gay and Lesbian Parents.
Scientific research consistently shows that gay and lesbian parents are as fit and capable as heterosexual parents, and their children are as psychologically healthy and well-adjusted as those reared by heterosexual parents. According to sociologist Judith Stacey of New York University"Rarely is there as much consensus in any area of social science as in the case of gay parenting, which is why the American Academy of Pediatrics and all of the major professional organizations with expertise in child welfare have issued reports and resolutions in support of gay and lesbian parental rights". However, one-third of agencies would reject a gay or lesbian applicant, either because of the religious beliefs guiding the agency, a state law prohibiting placement with LGBT parents, or a policy of placing children only with married couples. Mothers were interviewed and given clinical questionnaires during pregnancy and when their children were 2, 5, 10, and 17 years of age. Availability of stepparent adoption is limited to couples who enter into legally recognized relationships in states that offer such recognition.
Some children do not know they have an LGBT parent; coming out issues vary and some parents may never reveal to their children that they identify as LGBT. Gender identity and expression are independent of sexual orientation, and transgender people may identify as heterosexual, lesbian, gay or bisexual. Or feel free to take advantage of our free adoption application. The present study aimed to characterize beliefs surrounding the sexual and gender development of children adopted by lesbian and gay couples. Accordingly, how children respond to their LGBT parent s coming out has little to do with their sexual orientation or gender identification of choice, but rather with how either parent responds to acts of coming out; i. Herek stated in American Psychologist: